Pol S 204, Midterm 2 Study Guide

Pol S 204, Midterm 2 Study Guide - Pol S 204 Midterm 2...

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Pol S 204 – Midterm 2 Study Guide Leninism/Lenin Believes Marxism (the ruling class takes surplus value and oppressed class struggles to regain that surplus, becomes stripped of class divisions and comes together) does not work without leadership of professional revolutionaries and then democratic centralism where debates end after decisions, ie don’t question decisions, and the party must be hierarchical, unified and disciplined. LDP Liberal democratic party of Japan. Created by the use of signal non transferable votes : create incentives for party manipulation, pork spending and corruption. They break up the district in order to win more seats. It raises the entry barriers to small parties, creates one party dominance and if reinforced by the LDPs control over the budge which makes pork projects easy. New Rules(1994) create a mix of signal member districts and PR. Kulturkampf Germany in the 1870s was led by state leaders who pursued a cultural struggle with laws and regulations to make it difficult for Catholics to carry out their works Khruschev Followed Stalin in 1954, wanted to advance communism as fast as possible, looked at Stalin as creating deformations of socialism, wanted economic campaigns to set production records, believed full communism would be reached by 1980. Keiretsu In Japan this is a set of interlocking business. They make it difficult for foreign companies to break into the Japanese market. Hybrid system: France (Legislative system and president, president dominates power even though constitution doesn’t give them that much). Dual Nature of executive: ... Germany (strong chancellor, weak president) Hybrid electoral system: single member districts with plurality vote and proportional representation = Bundestag . Regional representation with regions appointing officials = Bundestrat . Gorbachev Creates Perestroika reforms as a way of protecting socialism from itself, it allows some privatization, small businesses( economic, market-oriented reform). Also includes Glasnost reforms, which bring political opening to Russia. Main point was to allow factory workers to give input into what needs to be changed, but when critics spoke against Gorbachev it allowed them to find their enemies and attack them. Includes foreign withdrawals from Eastern Europe to save money. Communism Cohabitation
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Occurs in semi-presidential systems , such as France 's system, when the President is from a different political party than the majority of the members of parliament . It occurs because such a system forces the president to name a premier that will be acceptable to the majority party within parliament. Thus, cohabitation occurs because of the duality of the executive: An independently elected President and a premier who must be acceptable to the legislature.
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  • Fall '07
  • Gill
  • Plurality voting system, Proportional representation, single member districts, Stalin beings communism, Khruschev Followed Stalin

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