Final Paper - Section AL Take Home Essay Democracy in Iraq...

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Section AL Take Home Essay Democracy in Iraq The most important task of a government is to create stability and prosperity within its borders. For more than two decades under the rule of Saddam Hussein the Iraqi people had almost no say in how their country was controlled. Following the overthrow of Saddam the ethnic groups of Iraq have been given the power to control their future. But because of their differing view points a stable government has been difficult to implement. The most pressing issue for Iraq is what type of government will allow the ethnic groups to come together and govern in stability. A strong case can be made that the best form of government to create stability in Iraq is a democratic parliament elected by a plurality vote in geographically distributed districts. This combination has been effective in dealing with strong social divisions in other governments and will inevitably allow for Iraq’s ethnic groups to breakdown their racial and religious barriers and work together in the democratic process to build stability and improve the quality of life for the Iraqi people. Iraq is marred in a range of problems which make stability the most important aspect of the new government. At the heart of Iraq’s problems are the strong tensions between the three major ethnic groups that are located inside its borders. The Shiites make up a plurality over the other two groups and are concerned with maintaining that leverage. They have not been in power of Iraq in over 1,300 years (United States). The Sunnis are angered over the Shiite plurality because the Sunnis were given greater power under the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein and are very distrusting of any of the Shiites actions. The Kurds are the third ethnic group located in Iraq and they are interested in more regional, autonomous power in Iraq or even complete independence. These three groups have varying levels of distrust among them and
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Bryant 2 bringing them all together to run the country is a difficult task. An Iraqi government must also address the sectarian violence that is fueled by the ethnic divisions. Groups of Sunnis have turned to insurgency forces in order to undermine the government and attempt to gain power. Shiites have countered with militias and death squads that have only extrapolated the problem (United States). This means that a new government must create a stable balance of power that gives all of the ethnic groups’ incentive to participate instead of turn to violence. The best way to confront the uprisings and build stability is with the creation of a new government that pushes towards a national reconciliation by encouraging officials to campaign on something other than their ethnic orientation and forcing parties to create broad coalition alliances in order to govern, all under the umbrella of democratic elections. The first component to bringing the ethnic groups together in stability in a democratic
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POL S 204 taught by Professor Gill during the Fall '07 term at University of Washington.

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Final Paper - Section AL Take Home Essay Democracy in Iraq...

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