MUSI-2520-Notes (2).pdf - Session 1 The Globalization of Hip-Hop Culture Duke Ellington \u2022 Jazz Musician Greatest Jazz composer of all time \u2022 Born in

MUSI-2520-Notes (2).pdf - Session 1 The Globalization of...

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Session 1: The Globalization of Hip-Hop Culture Duke Ellington Jazz Musician - Greatest Jazz composer of all time Born in 1899, wrote “Thanks for the Beautiful Land on the Delta” in 1970 when he was 71 Song was debuted at the New Orleans Jazz Festival Hip-hop came from Jazz Characteristics of Western Music “Western Music” refers to all music born in the Western World, including Europe. Records of this music exist back well over 1000 years Although genres, styles and language have changed through centuries, the elements contained within comprise the foundation of Western Music as we know it Europe is where instrumentation developed Instrumentation alone often di ff erentiates Western Music from music of other cultures When juxtaposed with Eastern music, Western music is often dais to be complex in a dense, harmonic, vertical fashion Major Scale contains 7 notes Chromatic Scale contains 12 notes Half-Step is the smallest distance we have in Western Music Octave is the same note in di ff erent registers Melody Derived from scales of ordered sets of pitches from low to high to high to low It is the perceptible tune of a piece of music It stands out about the rest of the music (the part of the music we usually hum to) Example: Twinkle Twinkle little star - the words you sing create the melody Melodies derived from Western scales, most commonly major and minor scales, are the most identifiable pieces in western music Harmony Occurs in music when 2 or more notes sound simultaneously Can be classifies as consonant (pleasant) or dissonant (tense/complex) Harmony plays a foundational role to the melody, giving melody a deeper meaning Chords Occurs in music when 3 or more notes sound simultaneously Classified as Major (Happy) or Minor (Sad) - Most hip-hop is minor Texture/Timbre Texture in music refers to the nature or characteristics of the sound Identifying involved taking into account all instruments sounding at one time Each instrument has a unique timbre, just as each ensemble has its on timbre
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Music Forms Organizations of all individual pieced of music based on sections of music that repeat and sections that are controlled. A few forms include: Evolution of African-American Music Though West-African connections may predominate, cross-ancestry within Native-American & European Cultures is also part of the development of African-American music The “Back” Beat Sources of “Back Beat” Work Songs Chants Prison Blues - “Early in the Morning” Chain Gang - (cracking rocks - 1920 Chain Gang in Georgia) Vocal Blues The “3 Stanza Blues Form” is the prototype to free styling hip-hop Key Artists that helped form the template include: Robert Johnson - “Hellhound on my Tail” Son House Bessie Smith (Queen of the Blues) Gospel Referred to as Blues in a sacred context Key Artist: Mahalia Jackson Ragtime Music on the Western Frontier - cowboy music Key Artists: Scott Joplin (the entertainer) James P. Johnson Early Jazz Key Artists: Jelly Roll Morton
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  • Winter '11
  • RonWestray
  • Hip hop music

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