Final Study Guide
The final exam is Wednesday, March 14
10:30 to 12:20.
The exam is closed book, closed note.
Principles and Practice
Shudson (Voting/political information, 492-499)
Stimson et. Al (477-491)
Fenno (Congress representation, 221-244)
Popkin (Voting/political information, 511-518)
Bartels (Voting trends, 579-589)
Hamilton (Media, 621-636)
Hamilton (Courts, 410-415)
5 Identifications, 10 points each.
For each term, offer a definition and explain the
Possible Terms: 5 terms will be drawn from the following 15.
carrying capacity: (549) The amount of information a communication technology can
deliver to its audience. Newspapers have much higher carrying capacities than do television
news programs. The more restricted a medium’s carrying capacity, the more selective it must be
in the kinds of information it offers.
This is why television stories are kept brief, as well as to
cater to marginally interested viewers waiting for the next story.
The amount of time spent on a
story can affect how the public views the story. TV is seen as more believable because of
insider lobbying/insider tactics: (524) Interest group activity that includes normal
lobbying on Capital Hill, working closely with members of Congress, and contributing money to
Testify at hearings (and more important arrange neutral sources like
scientists to testify), present information to officials (technical and political), make contacts and
Very important for them to keep in contact and respond to proposals or actions.
Also try to get constituents to reinforce their lobbying. Work to focus an official’s time toward
an issue. Contrast to outsider tactics: need no personal contact, treats (real pressure), can use
mass media, demonstrations, reports, and news conferences.
divided governments: (281,491) A government where one party controls the executive
branch and the other party controls one or both houses of the legislature.
Slows down the
political process, blocks extreme proposals and forces compromises.
Little evidence that people
do it on purpose, more a result of different criteria for different offices, specific contests, trade
offs among incompatible preferences (ie lower taxes but more entitlements for the middle class).
Supported by a majority of Americans. If neither side compromises it leads to gridlock and little