Chapter 8 Review - History Review Sheet Chapter 8 test November 2008 Section 1 Vocabulary o Scholar Gentry(269 a group of people who controlled a lot of

Chapter 8 Review - History Review Sheet Chapter 8 test...

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History Review Sheet Chapter 8 test November 2008 Section 1: Vocabulary: o Scholar Gentry (269)- a group of people who controlled a lot of the land and chose the candidates for the civil service o Sui Yangdi (264) - the 2 nd emperor of the Sui dynasty o Uighurs (266) - people that the Tang ruler paid to fight for the Tang o Changan (268) - the wealthiest city in china o Marco Polo (269) - an Italian merchant who came to china o Wu Zhao (269) - the 2 nd empress of the tang dynasty, she was one of the only women to have power o Tang Xuanzang (265)- One of the worst emperors in the Tang dynasty The Sui Dynasty: o 581-618 o Yang Jian unified China under the emperor’s authority o Yang Jian and Sui Yangdi were the only emperors of the dynasty o Sui Yangdi was a very harsh and cruel ruler o The Rule of the Sui : Construction of palaces and granaries Repairing the great wall Military expeditions in central Asia and Korea High taxes and compulsory labor services Grand Canal o The Fall of the Sui : High taxes and forced labor generated hostility among the people Military fails in Korea Rebellion Broke out in north China beginning in 610 Sui Yangdi was assassinated in 618, the end of the dynasty The Tang Dynasty : o 618-907 o Tang Taizong (the 2 nd emperor), was ruthless but very competent o An era of unusual stability and prosperity o Equal field system: land allotted according to needs o Bureaucracy of merit through the civil service exam o Encouraged foreign trade o Developed a new code of law
o Helped restore uniform government o Recruited Confucian scholars for civil service jobs o Political theory: china was the middle kingdom, or the center of civilization o The fall of the Tang: Rebellion in 755

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