Content and Pedagogy for theMother TongueOur Lady of Fatima UniversityGuiding Principles for Teaching and Learning in MTBMLELearning Session ObjectivesAt the end of this module session, it is expected that you will be able to;a.Identify and relate the guiding principles for teaching and learning in MTBMLE.b.Analyze and discuss on the guiding principles for teaching and learning in MTBMLEc.Develop and generate meaningful insight from the learning session.Read and AnalyzePrinciples have several purposes and applications depending in thefield of profession. For doctors and engineers, principles serve as theirguide for safety management. Likewise, in teaching there are principles toobserve to become successful and to make the teaching and learningobjectives achievable. Let us read and analyze the guiding principles forteaching and learning in MTBMLE excerpt from the Curriculum Guide inMother Tongue.Principle 1. Known to the unknown Learning requires meaning. We learn when we use what we already knowto help us understand what is new. “The most important single factorinfluencing learning is what the learner already knows. Ascertain this andteach him/her accordingly.” Ausubel, D.P. (1968). Educational Psychology.A Cognitive View. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.Application: Start with what the learners already know about a topic anduse that to introduce the new concept. Beginning with the learners’ firstlanguage and culture will better facilitate mastery of the curriculumcontent. “Nowhere is the role of prior knowledge more important than insecond language educational contexts. Students who can access their priorknowledge through the language and culture most familiar to them can callon a rich array of schemata, whereas students who believe they can onlyuse that knowledge they have explicitly learned in the second language arelimited in their access.” (Chamot, 1998, p.197).
Content and Pedagogy for theMother TongueOur Lady of Fatima UniversitySecond language learners use what they know in their own language to helpdevelop other languages. This positive transfer effect has been found to besignificant in reading.