Lesson-2-Guiding-Principles-for-Teaching-and-Learning-in-MTBMLE.docx - Content and Pedagogy for the Mother Tongue Our Lady of Fatima University Guiding

Lesson-2-Guiding-Principles-for-Teaching-and-Learning-in-MTBMLE.docx

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Content and Pedagogy for the Mother Tongue Our Lady of Fatima University Guiding Principles for Teaching and Learning in MTBMLE Learning Session Objectives At the end of this module session, it is expected that you will be able to; a. Identify and relate the guiding principles for teaching and learning in MTBMLE. b. Analyze and discuss on the guiding principles for teaching and learning in MTBMLE c. Develop and generate meaningful insight from the learning session. Read and Analyze Principles have several purposes and applications depending in the field of profession. For doctors and engineers, principles serve as their guide for safety management. Likewise, in teaching there are principles to observe to become successful and to make the teaching and learning objectives achievable. Let us read and analyze the guiding principles for teaching and learning in MTBMLE excerpt from the Curriculum Guide in Mother Tongue. Principle 1. Known to the unknown Learning requires meaning. We learn when we use what we already know to help us understand what is new. “The most important single factor influencing learning is what the learner already knows. Ascertain this and teach him/her accordingly.” Ausubel, D.P. (1968). Educational Psychology. A Cognitive View. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. Application: Start with what the learners already know about a topic and use that to introduce the new concept. Beginning with the learners’ first language and culture will better facilitate mastery of the curriculum content. “Nowhere is the role of prior knowledge more important than in second language educational contexts. Students who can access their prior knowledge through the language and culture most familiar to them can call on a rich array of schemata, whereas students who believe they can only use that knowledge they have explicitly learned in the second language are limited in their access.” (Chamot, 1998, p.197).
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Content and Pedagogy for the Mother Tongue Our Lady of Fatima University Second language learners use what they know in their own language to help develop other languages. This positive transfer effect has been found to be significant in reading.
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