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Unformatted text preview: TERMS: 1) 100 Years War Significance: established separate kings for France and England as opposed to having one king (specifically an English king) for both. It awakened French nationalism and hastened the transition from a feudal monarchy to a centralized state. War relied on heavy taxes on peasants. -Conflict over the throne: (1337-1453) English king Edward III wanted to control the French throne (internal family conflict) Edward III vs. his fathers cousin Philip VI of Valois 2) Joan of Arc Significance: a peasant turned military strategist for Charles VII; won Orleans from the English French win Charles VII becomes king of France- was turned over to the Burgandians (feudal territory in France) and then to the Inquisition executed in 1431 as a heretic 3) Black Death Significance: high depopulation shrunken labor supply decline of farms and peasant revolts retreat and spread of disease to more of Europe rise of cities and skilled industries - caused by a number of factors including famine, bad health, economic depression, overpopulation, and trade routes and spread of infection through poor hygiene. - 2/5 of the population of Europe died from the plague 4) Boccaccio Significance: a storyteller who wrote the Decameron, accounts of men and women fleeing to escape the plague; showed different ways of how people dealt with the plague (temperate life, sexuality, or seclusion and flight) 5) Guilds Significance: with the demand for skilled artisans rising in towns, guilds formed and eventually became important to city government 6) Papal Church Significance: the church in Medieval times became a centralized monarchy with a political mission struggle with royal challenge secular power weakened the spirituality of the church Great Schism and Conciliar Movement 7. Marsilus of Padua- A pamphleteer who claimed that the Bible gave the pope no right to pronounce and execute sentences on any person. Argued that spiritual crimes must await an eternal punishment. This assertion directly challenged the power of the Pope to excommunicate rulers and place countries under interdict. His teachings were declared heretical in 1327. 8. John Wycliffe- Believed that the moral character of a religious leader was the most important trait. Gave rise to the Lollards (people who followed his teachings). Translated the Bible into English. 9. Great Schism- 3 competing popes and colleges of cardinals Different groups argued over who should step down. Lead to the Conciliar Movement. They deposed all the popes and elected a new one. 10. John Huss- Inspired by Wycliffes writings Started the University of Prague....
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Mcfadden during the Spring '08 term at Fairfield.
- Spring '08
- The Bible