History Identifications

History Identifications - 13) Fall of Constantinople – pg...

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13) Fall of Constantinople – pg 194 in index, but couldn’t find it? 14) Vernacular – when literature, such as the Bible, were translated into native language from the original Latin, in this case, Italian 15) Civic humanism , see pg 327 – when people believd education should promote individual virtue and public service 16) Italian City-State – see pg 319 – social class structure of Italy that had old rich, new rich (nobles) middle-burgher ranks, and lower economic classes called “little people” popolo minuto 17) Venice – major trade port and flourishing city or art in Italy during Res. 18) Florence – another Italian hub for prosperity, wealth, nobility, and art, along with education which brought forth Platonism’s spread ( see pg 325 for more on Florence) Along with spread of slaver 25. Dante Alighieri: his Divine Comedy, Inferno, and Vita Nuova were cornerstones of Italian vernacular literature ; religious writer who wrote to all social classes (therefore humanist); incorporated much detail on human life; more religious than Petrarch 26. Castiglione’s Book of the Courtier: established a learning system involving ancient knowledge and humanistic studies; included study of ancient languages, physical education, history, musical skills, good manners, and establishment of moral character 27. Platonism: Plato’s view of human nature; showed the material world to be imperfect and strived to reach the ideals seen in the eternal world; believed human reason to be from a preexisting world where mathematical and moral truth were established 28. Pico della Mirandola: Italian humanist who wrote Oration on the Dignity of Man , a 900 thesis describing all of life’s circumstances and the choice humans have to become whatever they want; showed dignity of the individual; incorporated biblical terms NOTE : Considered a humanist because he delt with the relationship between the people and gov’t 29. Niccolo Machiavelli: humanist who wrote The Prince during time of political disorder in Italy; wanted to preserve the Roman republic system in Italy; called for a strong leader or dictator that would rule and unite the country 30 . Virtu: idea of integrity and honor toward country; doing what’s best for the country instead of seeing
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History Identifications - 13) Fall of Constantinople – pg...

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