HI Final Essays - ESSAYS(1 Explain the social political and...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ESSAYS: (1) Explain the social, political, and economic structure of Medieval Europe. The social, political, and economic structure of Medieval Europe can be generalized as shift from the feudal class system into an urbanized culture due to a number of factors. With the onset of the Black Death, new trade routes with Asia, and overpopulation came famine, disease, peasant revolt, and a large flight across Europe from the plague. Socially and economically, the feudal farming system was uprooted as peasants fled. This eventually gave rise to the growth of cities, specialized trades, and guilds. The Hundred Years War and the battle for the French throne against English kings gave way to French freedom, unity, and nationalism. During this period of time, it can be said that there was a shift away from Medieval Europe and a shift towards the earliest “modern” Europe as the scenery moves from the farm and land towards urbanization. (2) Why was the Middle Ages termed the “Age of Faith?” Cite some specific examples of the Church’s dominance over peoples’ lives. The Middle Ages was termed the “Age of Faith” ironically because of the role of the Medieval church. The thirteenth century can be characterized as a period of time when the papacy focused more on political issues as opposed to spiritual teachings. Pope Innocent III declared a papal monarchy that ruled in many political aspects such as court of law and various levels of authority. Papal centralization undermined diocesan authority. Rome’s needs were put before local needs and they controlled church appointments, policies and disciplines. For example, it supported the idea of benefices or pieces of land that should be set aside for the church. This newfound “papal church” was strongly protested against by Philip the Fair who ultimately decided that the papacy was not to deal with temporal matters. After Philip’s victory over Boniface, ecclesiastical authority became subordinate to secular powers. (3) What are some ways the modern world is linked to the Middle Ages? The modern world can is linked to the Middle Ages in some ways in that it was a dynamic time period with many aspects of life changing including social, economical, and political aspects. The Middle Ages can be seen as century of dramatic development in society in that it established the first cities. Politically, the Middle Ages have separated church and state to a certain extent and have laid out the basic blueprint of life today. The Middle Ages have set boundaries and guidelines for growing societies and have established rules for new levels of civilization. (4) What are some sharp differences in characteristic outlook between medieval and modern Europe? In modern Europe, there is not much of a power struggle anymore. Boundaries have been identified and political leaders know them. Medieval Europe was more of a medley of wars defining territories and spreading influence. Modern Europe can be seen more as
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern