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Unformatted text preview: ESSAYS: (1) Explain the social, political, and economic structure of Medieval Europe. The social, political, and economic structure of Medieval Europe can be generalized as shift from the feudal class system into an urbanized culture due to a number of factors. With the onset of the Black Death, new trade routes with Asia, and overpopulation came famine, disease, peasant revolt, and a large flight across Europe from the plague. Socially and economically, the feudal farming system was uprooted as peasants fled. This eventually gave rise to the growth of cities, specialized trades, and guilds. The Hundred Years War and the battle for the French throne against English kings gave way to French freedom, unity, and nationalism. During this period of time, it can be said that there was a shift away from Medieval Europe and a shift towards the earliest modern Europe as the scenery moves from the farm and land towards urbanization. (2) Why was the Middle Ages termed the Age of Faith? Cite some specific examples of the Churchs dominance over peoples lives. The Middle Ages was termed the Age of Faith ironically because of the role of the Medieval church. The thirteenth century can be characterized as a period of time when the papacy focused more on political issues as opposed to spiritual teachings. Pope Innocent III declared a papal monarchy that ruled in many political aspects such as court of law and various levels of authority. Papal centralization undermined diocesan authority. Romes needs were put before local needs and they controlled church appointments, policies and disciplines. For example, it supported the idea of benefices or pieces of land that should be set aside for the church. This newfound papal church was strongly protested against by Philip the Fair who ultimately decided that the papacy was not to deal with temporal matters. After Philips victory over Boniface, ecclesiastical authority became subordinate to secular powers. (3) What are some ways the modern world is linked to the Middle Ages? The modern world can is linked to the Middle Ages in some ways in that it was a dynamic time period with many aspects of life changing including social, economical, and political aspects. The Middle Ages can be seen as century of dramatic development in society in that it established the first cities. Politically, the Middle Ages have separated church and state to a certain extent and have laid out the basic blueprint of life today. The Middle Ages have set boundaries and guidelines for growing societies and have established rules for new levels of civilization. (4) What are some sharp differences in characteristic outlook between medieval and modern Europe?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Mcfadden during the Spring '08 term at Fairfield.
- Spring '08
- The Bible