Study Guide

Study Guide - Identifications: 7. Marsilus of PaduaA...

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Identifications: 7. Marsilus of Padua - A pamphleteer who claimed that the Bible gave the pope no right to pronounce and execute sentences on any person. Argued that spiritual crimes must await an eternal punishment. This assertion directly challenged the power of the Pope to excommunicate rulers and place countries under interdict. His teachings were declared heretical in 1327. 8. John Wycliffe - Believed that the moral character of a religious leader was the most important trait. Gave rise to the Lollards (people who followed his teachings). Translated the Bible into English. 9. Great Schism - 3 competing popes and colleges of cardinals Different groups argued over who should step down. Lead to the Conciliar Movement. They deposed all the popes and elected a new one. 10. John Huss - Inspired by Wycliffe’s writings Started the University of Prague. Burned at the stake for his (Wycliffe’s) beliefs because he lived in Bohemia and the Church had more power. Became a national hero. 11.
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Study Guide - Identifications: 7. Marsilus of PaduaA...

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