Sociology Ch 1 Notes

Sociology Ch 1 Notes - Society- group of people who share a...

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Society- group of people who share a culture and a territory Sociological perspective- stressed social contexts in which people live Social location- corners in life that people occupy b/c of where they are located in a society Science- requires development of theories that can be tested by research Augusta Comte- proposed positivism (applying a scientific method to the social world) and was considered the founder of sociology Herbert Spencer- Karl Marx- 3 greatest modern thinkers, class conflict Emile Durkheim- get sociology recognized as a separate academic discipline. Compared suicide rates, social forces affect people’s behavior. Social integration- degree to which people are tied to their social group. Max Weber- religion is the central force in social change. Believes Protestantism caused capitalism Harriet Martineau- social reform. Published “Society in America” work was ignored until recently. She also translated Comte’s writings into English. University of Chicago sociology research department founded by Albion Small Jane Addams- worked for social justice and cofounded Hull House (open to people who needed refuge) workers exploited, how immigrants adjusted to city life. Nobel Peace Prize W.E.B. Du Bois- race relations. Black and discriminated against. Traveled and wrote books. Founded NAACP and battled racism Talcott Parsons- made models of society C Wright Mills- power elite, social activism Basic or pure sociology - publish findings in journals Applied sociology- uses sociology to solve problems Theory - general statement about how some parts of the world fit together and how they work. Symbolic interactionism- traces back to the Scottish moral philosophers of the 18 th century who noted that individuals evaluate their own conduct by comparing themselves with others Functional analysis - society is a whole unit, made up of different parts that work together. Robert Merton- functionalism- dysfunctions are consequences that harm society. Manifest means intended to help part of a system. Latent- unintended.
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Conflict Theory- developed by Karl Marx. Key to human history is class conflict. Macro level - examine large scale patterns of society micro level- social interaction (what people do when they are in other people’s presence) Nonverbal interaction- gestures, silence, use of space, etc. Symbolic integrationists- focus on micro level Functionalists- focus on macro level RESEARCH MODEL: select topic, define problem, reviewing literature, formulating hypothesis, choosing research methods, collecting data, analyzing results, sharing results Reliability - other researchers use your operational definitions, they will be consistent with yours Validity- operational definitions must measure what they are intended to measure Operation definitions- precise ways to measure variables Surveys- asking people a series of questions Population - target group that you want to study
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Anysoc101class during the Spring '08 term at Alabama.

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Sociology Ch 1 Notes - Society- group of people who share a...

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