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1Running head: Case Study 1Case Study-1 DawnCapella UniversityPSYCH 7210: Lifespan Development
2Case Study 1IntroductionDawn is a 4-year-old African American, girl, who has displayed increased agitation, decreased emotional regulation, and an unwillingness to cooperate in group activities while at preschool (Broderick & Blewitt, 2020). Dawn’s family has undergone several changes over the last year, beginning with the birth of her medically fragile brother, Darren. Darren's health condition strained the family's finances. To compensate, Dawn's father, Bill, took on more work, rendering him often away from home. Additionally, Terry, Dawn's mother, is now responsible forboth children, and does not have the time, energy, or patience to provide Dawn with the nurturingattention she received before Darren's birth (Broderick & Blewitt, 2020). Dawn's behavioral issues are a result of a redirection of her primary attachments. This paper will examine Dawn’s case more thoroughly, including how attachment theory and the bioecological theory explain her challenges. The paper will discuss Dawn’s cultural and individual differences, including their contributions to her situation. Lastly, the paper discusses interventions to redevelop secure attachments.Presenting Issue and ChallengesIn a parent-teacher conference, Terry was made aware that Dawn was throwing toys when upset, and she often refused to participate in group activities (Broderick & Blewitt, 2020). Dawn's behaviors were new, although her family system had undergone numerous changes the previous year (Broderick & Blewitt, 2020). Darren’s birth impacted the entire family in numerous ways. Darren’s medical care led to extensive medical bills and, Bill began working more, rendering him unavailable to the family. Bill’s absence left Terry burdened with the care ofan ill infant and the growing demands of a toddler (Broderick & Blewitt, 2020).
3Case Study 1Terry’s increased stress significantly and negatively impacted Dawn. There is a strong correlation between parental stress and toddler behavioral problems (Arikan, Kumru, Kortkut, & Ilham, 2019). Moreover, parental stress is associated with increased harsh parenting practices, diminished sensitivity to the child/ren, and more parent-child conflicts (Arikan et al., 2019), which are associated with unhealthy parent-child attachments. The cycle of parental stress and parent-child conflict creates a loop, with increased parental stress leading to parent-child conflicts, causing the child to act out, leading to more parental stress. Darren’s birth has also impacted Dawn more directly. Hamama, Ronen, and Rahav researched the impacts of ill siblings on the healthy siblings (2008). Their research found that healthy siblings experience a role overload, which leads to anxiety. In children, anxiety can causeirritability (American Psychological Association, 2013) and externalizing behaviors (Hamama et al., 2008). Since Darren’s birth, Terry has viewed Dawn as capable of doing more, in part, because she is bigger than Darren (Broderick & Blewitt, 2020). Thus, Dawn’s behaviors are

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