art history test 3

art history test 3 - Art History Test 3 Notes November 2,...

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Art History Test 3 Notes November 2, 2007 Neoclassicism - 2 nd half of 18 th century - Change from rococo - French academy - Crisp austere, balanced, moral art - classical subject matter - moral message (grand manner) - severe, simple organized - polished, blended brushstrokes - idealized figures - restrained colors - static poses Jacque Louis David - French - Best representative - Linked through revolution - Neoclassical- include moral teaching - Grand manner comes back - Imagery is severe, balanced - Political themes Oath of the horatii - rational noble ascetic - subject- brothers Rome was at war with neighbor city - 3 warriors represent all of Rome. pledging oath to fight for Rome - Women are collapsed in corner crying - Figures are idealized, immobile statuesque - Blended and polished - Linear perspective - Strong moral message- stick to guns - Political message- French people should stick to beliefs Death of Marat - 1789- storming of Bastille, started French revolution - Marat- One of leaders of revolution - Extremist revolutionary - Assassinated - Set up desk in tub to treat disease - Killed by woman posing as messenger w. letter while in tub - Treats marat as martyr - Stab wound, knife on floor - Looks like Christ entombment - Stark, Bare setting ideal figure - Political message
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Ingres - Draftsman- drawing was key - influenced by mannerism but mostly renaissance - aspired to do large full images Ingres The Large Odalisque - 1814 - Member of harem - Smooth polished surface - Crisp drapery - Reclining nude - Simplified, graceful - No message - Balance, simplicity - Body isn’t perfect but doesn’t matter - Portraits - Blended brushstrokes Neoclassical Sculpture John Anton Houdon - French neoclassical sculpture - Naturalism- accurate proportions, George Washington - asked to come do commission - 1788 - Life sized in marble - Dignified, noble - Military uniform - Bundle of rods he is standing on- emblem of ancient Rome - Neoclassism in the us= democracy Neoclassical Architecture Lord Burlington Kent Chiswick House - west London - 1725 - Lord Burlington- designed and lived there - Interested in palattio- 16th c author of architecture books - Copies Palattio- villa rotundacom - Central rotunda w. dome - Pediment Temple front with columns - Symmetrical, restrained, simple interior - Politics- baroque- decadent, tory party - Neoclassical- whigs - continued to 20 th century Romanticism - inspired to question authority
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- questioned political process - not interested in institutions, cared about personal experience - truth in ones feelings - emotions - differs by artist- individualized - characteristics - emphasis on emotions - passion above judgment - imaginative - time- ever changing natural life - ultimate death - poetic experience- long ago and far away - exotic- not everyday reality - interest in individual, individual as hero - sublime- frighten, full of unknown, terror or pain - color over solid form Eugene Delacroix - 1798- 1862 - Moody, solitary - Emotional, imaginative - Disdain for other artists - academy- salons - ange- big at academy- wouldn’t let delacro in academy
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art history test 3 - Art History Test 3 Notes November 2,...

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