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CHINA ONE CHILD POLICY IMPLICATIONS1Life Course Research Approach to China's One-Child Policy Student nameAffiliation
CHINA ONE CHILD POLICY IMPLICATIONS2Background information and development of one-child policy Rapid population growth in China led to the adoption of the one-child policy in thelate 1970s. It was a very serious matter during that time, and it needed immediateintervention from the government. In order to sustain economic growth and prevent morepeople from falling into abject poverty, the Chinese State Council adopted this policy, therebylimiting the number of births in the republic (Potts, 2006). Population growth rate higher thanthe economic growth rate leads to strain in resources. This family planning method aimed tolimit the consequences of unsustainable population growth ("effects of China’s one-childpolicy," 2019).The life course research is a multidimensional study of events from the past, today,and future. The effects of the one-child policy had a detrimental impact not only on theparents of the 1970s but also on the subsequent generations. Every generation aims at makinglife better, but the direction is determined by time and circumstances. The original cohort wasmore significant in size than the one that followed it. Reduced fertility rates led to a fewbirths as only one child was allowed. Fines and penalties were issued on persons whoexceeded the required number of children. Subsequently, the number of abortions increasedas well as children cast out after birth (Rajan, 1994). The abortions were facilitated byadvanced maternal technology, which included the ultrasound. Women were mistreated, abused, and blamed for the lack of giving birth to a boychild. This behavior was more prevalent in rural areas than in urban centers. There was anincreased preference for the boy child over the girl child. This led to the killing of girlsfetuses as well as the unregistering of female births (Rajan, 1994). This led to an increasinggap between the number of boys and girls in China. Keeping the trend in motion forecasted a
CHINA ONE CHILD POLICY IMPLICATIONS3lack of enough brides for the future one child generations. While the males accessededucation and technological know-how, the female did not. Also, since those in rural areaswere not much affected by the policy, it brought about a society where those in urban areaswere better provided for. This eventually led to stratification in the one-child cohort, with thelearned and some unlearned people.The past shapes people's future; the preceding generations adopted the policy. Itbecame an integral part of the Chinese people to have one child families. This had continuedfor decades until recently when the government permitted the birth of a second child. People'sway of life had changed, and they had embraced the new reality. Working longer hours andincreased their savings as well as taking care of their only child had become a way of life.

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