DQ 2-23-07 - PSC 001 1 Ethnic identity is defined by O'Neil...

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PSC 001 2/23/07 1) Ethnic identity is defined by O'Neil as the specific attributes and societal institutions that make one group of people culturally different from others. This is different from national identity in that national identity, as defined by O'Neil, is a group of people bound together by a common set of political aspirations, especially self-government and sovereignty. Ethnic identity might give rise to social conflict if two or more ethnic groups are attempting to achieve political or economic goals at the expense of the other ethnic group or groups. 2) Ethnicity influences the war in Iraq because Iraq's population is comprised of three major ethnic groups, the Sunnis, the Shiites, and the Kurds. This diversity results in ethnic violence fueled by the disproportionate recruitment of Shiites and Kurds by the Iraqi police and military. As a result of these disproportionate recruiting practices, a majority of the insurgency in Iraq are Iraqis as well as Sunni Muslims. Also, almost all of the anti-occupation violence occurs in Sunni provinces.
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