DQ 3-2-07

DQ 3-2-07 - consensus upon which power-sharing is based and...

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PSC 001 3/2/07 1) According to Arend Lijphart, the advantages of a power sharing constitutional design include the participation of representatives of all significant communal groups in political decision making. A government designed in this manner allows divided societies to maintain a democratic government more easily. Also, divided societies that are not do not have democratic governments at present will have a much easier transition and a higher opportunity for success in a power sharing sharing design. This is because a government designed for power sharing allows different communal groups to each have a stake in the government and prevent the domination of the government by one communal group or another. 2) According to Brenda Seaver, a turbulent regional system can strain the domestic elite
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Unformatted text preview: consensus upon which power-sharing is based and can ultimately contribute to regime collapse. This does not contradict Lijphart as this theory is based on Lijphart's theory that the elite consensus is a crucial factor for stable democracies to exist in divided societies. Also, Seaver's theory and Lijphart's theory are both supported by the case of Lebanon and the Lebonese civil war. What can developed western countries do to protect themselves from failed states and/or prevent their failure? What can be done to facilitate the transition from an authoritarian regime to a democracy and help developing countries become democracies rather than authoritarian regimes?...
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