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Running Head: CULTURAL CARE THEORY CRITIQUE 1 Cultural Care Theory Critique Elma Sahbaz Maryville University NUR 600: Theoretical Foundations of Nursing Practice Dr. Kathy Lindsey September 27th, 2020
CULTURAL CARE THEORY CRITIQUE 2 Nursing theory is used to organize and explain the profession of nursing. Theory is important because it helps to determine what ought to be the basis of nursing practice. The theory I will discuss is the theory of cultural care or also known as transcultural nursing theory by Madeleine Leininger. It is very important as a nurse to really understand a theory and understand how this theory benefits your nursing practice. My choice for selecting this theory is my experience with being around different cultured people. I myself have been raised in a multicultural home and been around a lot of people growing up of different cultures. Then when I started to work as a nurse I saw how culturally sensitive care was important in the healing process. Understanding people with different cultures is so beneficial if you’re trying to understand a person’s wants and needs. In this paper I will critique the cultural care theory using the model developed by Chinn and Kramer. In the first half of the paper I will describe the theory by explaining the purpose, concepts, definitions, relationships, structures, and assumption of the theory (Meleis, 2018). And then the second half of the paper I will give a critical reflection by discussing the clarity, simplicity, generalizability, accessibility, and importance of the theory (Meleis, 2018). Description of Theory In the mid 1950’s Madeleine Leininger developed the cultural care theory. (Leininger, 1999). While working with children noticed a lack of cultural knowledge and the effect it had on patient care (Smith & Parker, 2015 p. 309). She theorized that providing culturally congruent care would “promote health, healing and well-being” (Leininger, 2007). In her mind nursing and medicinal practice were not the same, she believed nursing at its core is the caring for patients and by tapping into culture care one would have the essential knowledge to care for the patient.
CULTURAL CARE THEORY CRITIQUE 3 The primary purpose of this theory is to use research-based knowledge to “provide culture specific and congruent care to people of diverse cultures” (Smith & Parker, 2015 p. 306). Patients bring their religious, spiritual, moral, and ethical values to the hospital and these beliefs and values affect their wellbeing, health, sickness, and death (Leininger, 1992). However, many people hold in their cultural values and don’t discuss them with everyone. If a nurse has cultural awareness and knowledge he or she can provide care based on the person's belief and values.

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