The (un)OfficialUnited StatesHistoryCram PacketThis is not intended as a substitute for regular study ……. But it is a powerfultool for review.
1492: Christopher Columbus “discovers” America 1494: Treaty of Tordesillas – divides world between Portugal and Spain1497: John Cabot lands in North America. 1513: Ponce de Leon claims Florida for Spain. 1524: Verrazano explores North American Coast. 1539-1542: Hernando de Soto explores the Mississippi River Valley. 1540-1542: Coronado explores what will be the Southwestern United States. 1565: Spanish found the city of St. Augustine in Florida. 1579: Sir Francis Drake explores the coast of California. 1584 – 1587: Roanoke – the lost colony 1607: British establish Jamestown Colony – bad land, malaria, rich men, no gold-Headright System – land for population – people spread out 1608: French establish colony at Quebec. 1609: United Provinces establish claims in North America. 1614: Tobacco cultivation introduced in Virginia. – by Rolfe1619: First African slaves brought to British America.Virginia begins representative assembly – House of Burgesses1620: Plymouth Colony is founded. -Mayflower Compact signed – agreed rule by majority1624 – New York founded by Dutch1629: Mass. Bay founded – “City Upon a Hill”-Gov. Winthrop-Bi-cameral legislature, schools1630: The Puritan Migration1632: Maryland – for profit – proprietorship1634 – Roger Williams banished from Mass. Bay Colony1635: Connecticut founded1636: Rhode Island is founded – by Roger Williams Harvard College is founded1638 – Delaware founded – 1stchurch, 1stschool1649 – Maryland Toleration Act – for Christians – latter repealed1650-1696: The Navigation Acts are enacted by Parliament. - limited trade, put tax on items1660 – Half Way Covenant – get people back into church – erosion of Puritanism1670: Charles II grants charter for Carolina colonies – Restoration Colony1672: Blue Laws: Connecticut – death codes for disagreeing with parents or bible1675 – 1676: King Phillip’s War (Metacom’s War) - New England colonies1676: Bacons Rebellion – Virginia – Bacon wants frontier protection from royal Gov. Berkeley – put down -first uprising against British1682: Pennsylvania is founded by William Penn. – Quaker – 1stlibrary – center of thought NorthSet up laws / codesBrought familiesLess land = closenessSocial and economic mobilityPuritan work ethicBetter relations with IndiansSouthDependent on crop – kills landLess urbanizedPoorer communication, transportationIndian problemsSlower defense1686: Dominion of New England – royal Gov. Andros – attempt to unify Northern colonies to curb independence –-Suspended liberties – town meetings-Failed – Andros left 1689-1713: King William's War (The War of the League of Augsburg). 1692: The Salem Witchcraft Trials.