MUH Final Paper.pdf - Chance Lomelo MUH-215 Shift in the Times From Nielsen Music 2017 year-end report Hip-Hop\/R&B has surpassed rock as the most

MUH Final Paper.pdf - Chance Lomelo MUH-215 Shift in the...

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Chance Lomelo MUH-215 4/13/20 Shift in the Times From Nielsen Music 2017 year-end report, Hip-Hop/R&B has surpassed rock as the most consumed genre of music. Hip-hop has become the genre of this generation, it has taken over the Billboard hot 200 for the last decade. As the mass impact seen from the genre has changed over the last forty years, how it all started, how it evolved, and how it is where it is today. Producing in Hip-Hop has always been an important aspect of the genre. A beat can make or break a song, it can decide rather a song will flop or be a hit. As much as lyrics play a part in this, music would be pretty bland without the instrumental a producer makes. Producing has been around since the start of the genre. At this time, producers were known as DJ’s . The acronym DJ means “Disc Jockey” (Urban). The word Disc referred to the vinyl s that were carried around and played on a turnt able. The word “Jockey” referred to the profession of mixing the audio of the vinyl’s , normally replaying the break in a song. A turntable is a rotating platform that plays through the touch of a needle on vinyl’s , intended to be used as an instrument. The turntable instrument of choice was the SL-1200 made in 1973. Its durable made of steel and diecast aluminum, weighing 27 pounds (Blashill). It has amazing rotation stability and longevity (Blashill). This was the production form for DJ’s as well as for sampling . It is how the first rap song “Rappers Delight” was made, along with a synthesizer. During the time this was popular, DJ’s were the star of the show and gained more fame and attention than the lyricist. Kool Herc is famously credited as the Father of Hip-Hop due to his heavy influence and innovation to the
genre. But it was the first hip-hop party thrown in 1973 at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue Bronx, New York in the Recreation room of the apartment building with a $.25 admission for girls and a $.50 for men, that he made his name known (Source). Before this, hip-hop parties weren’t a thing, not even break beats had emerged. Parties centered around soul train lines and disco balls (Source). Kool Hercs’ technique of prolonging the break is what got him known. While DJ ’ing, he would prolong the break, the heavy percussive part in a song (because this is the part people would freestyle over) by switching between two records. Although hip-hop music would have yet to make its debut, Kool Herc set the base for a Renaissance. These break beats played at block parties which made people come up and rhyme to the beat would become the basis of Hip-Hop. He would give influence too other early innovators of Hip-Hop such as Grandmaster Flash. Grandmaster Flash was a part of many innovations to hip-hop, including the name. A member of his group Keith Cowboy would be responsible for pioneering the term Hip-Hop while referencing the way soldiers marched at their friends draft party (Busy Bee). He himself would innovate DJ techniques such as the Backspin (while the break was playing from one turntable in a headphone he would backtrack the other turntable

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