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Unformatted text preview: y. His experience includes work both as a city policeman and sheriff's department detective sergeant; he received a law degree and worked as a prosecuting attorney, handling felony career and Baker act commitment proceedings for the mentally ill; served as special prosecutor, Governor's Council for Prosecution of Organized Crime; assistant general counsel for Law Enforcement Affairs, Office of the Governor; member of the White House Conference on Legal Rights and Justice Task Force; he has published a book dealing with the insanity defense, and training papers and materials for police training academies and junior colleges and universities in the field of high hazard police operations - the use of deadly force; he was currently teaching in the area of public and private security, and in police operations, and had acted as consultant and conducted background investigations for employers in both the public and private sector. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -End Footnotes- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - [**59] Appellant objected to Professor White's testimony concerning the "iceberg effect." In answer to a specific question on direct examination, Professor White explained that the so-called "iceberg effect" referred to statistics compiled by the United States Department of Justice indicating that reported criminal incidents probably reflect only about one-third 53 of the total crimes actually committed. Upon objection for irrelevancy, the court ruled the answer admissible "as long as it does not relate to Mr. Turner." Continuing with his explanation, Professor White explained that a number of crimes go unreported either because victims do not wish to become involved, are frightened, or simply cannot identify their assailant, etc. We agree that, standing alone, the testimony concerning the "iceberg effect" seems to have little bearing upon the issues in the case, since under the court's ruling, it clearly could not be applied to Turner. However, we cannot view this testimony in isolation but must consider it in connection with all the other testimony given by Professor White. In so doing, we think this testimony was related, however ephemerally, to other testimony given by Professor White, [**60] without objection, concerning the significance of arrest and conviction information on reasonable employment and hiring practices for jobs in which the risk of harm to customers or the public is a consideration. Furthermore...
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