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and recorded her own comments about each candidate's performance. Starting in
2001, the plant nurse, Martha Lutenegger, also watched and documented the process.
From the inception of the test, Lutenegger reviewed the test forms and had the
ultimate hiring authority.
For many years women and men had worked together in the sausage packing
area doing the same job. Forty six percent of the new hires were women in the three
-3years before the WTS was introduced, but the number of women hires dropped to
fifteen percent after the test was implemented. During this time period the test was
the only change in the company's hiring practices. The percentage of women who
passed the test decreased almost each year the test was given, with only eight percent
of the women applicants passing in 2002. The overall percentage of women who
passed was thirty eight percent while the men's passage rate was ninety seven percent.
While overall injuries and strength related injuries among sausage workers declined
consistently after 2000 when the test was implemented, the downward trend in injuries
had begun in 1998 after the company had instituted measures to reduce injuries.
One of the first applicants to take the WTS was Paula Liles, who applied to Dial
in January 2000 and was not hired even though the occupational therapist who
administered her test told her she had passed. She filed a discrimination complaint
with the Iowa Civil Rights Commission and EEOC in August 2000. On
September 24, 2002, EEOC brought this action on behalf of Liles and fifty three other
women who had applied to work at Dial and were denied employment after taking the
WTS. Twenty four of these applicants had been unable to complete the test.
A jury trial was held in August 2004, and EEOC and Dial offered testimony by
competing experts. EEOC presented an expert on industrial organization who testified
that the WTS was significantly more difficult than the actual job workers performed
at the plant. He explained...
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2012 for the course ENC 102 taught by Professor Deria during the Spring '08 term at FIU.
- Spring '08