BIO 168 Chapter 6 Review Questions.docx - BIO 168 Anatomy...

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BIO 168 Anatomy and Physiology IChapter 6 Study GuideDescribe the functions of the skeletal system.What are the six classifications for bones based on shape? Give an example of each.ClassificationExample(s)1)2)3)4)5)6)Label the long bone using the following terms: diaphysis, epiphysis, metaphysis, spongy bone, compactbone, marrow cavity.
List and describe the functions of the four types of bone cells.1)2)3)4)What is the name of the structure in the image below? Label the following: central canal, osteocytes inlacunae, canaliculi.What are the components of the matrix of bone? What is each’s functionWhat is the function of circumferential lamella?Compare/contrast red and yellow bone marrow with respect to the following: where is each type found,what is its function, and why red versus yellow.Describe the function of compact and spongy bone. Why is the functional difference important in thestructure of the skeleton?
Where is periosteum located? What structures does the endosteum cover? What functions is eachmembrane involved in?Describe the steps of endochondral ossification. What bones are created through endochondralossification?Define appositional growth.Describe the steps of intramembranous ossification. What bones are created from intramembranousossification?What is bone remodeling? What is its significance?What are the nutritional requirements to maintain a healthy skeleton? Why is each necessary?
What hormone is responsible for increasing the blood concentration of calcium? How does it do this?What hormone is responsible for decreasing the blood concentration of calcium? How does it do this?Describe the four steps of fracture repair.1)2)3)4)Distinguish between osteopenia and osteoporosis. Why is there a difference between men and women?
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Term
Spring
Professor
J.Creech,K.Gardner
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