VA.votingrights.kp_.6.11.17-1.pdf - VOTER SUPPRESSION IN...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 10 pages.

©2017 Local Majority [email protected] VOTER SUPPRESSION IN VIRGINIA 7 STRATEGIES TO SUPPRESS VOTERS: 1. Voter photo ID 2. Database cross-checking 3. Off-year elections 4. No early voting 5. Restricted absentee ballot voting 6. Reduction in the number of polling places 7. Disenfranchise citizens with past criminal records The Republican-controlled legislature in Virginia has either adopted or has attempted to adopt all of these strategies. Supreme Court case that made it easier for states to pass voter suppression laws: Shelby County v. Holder Re: Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act 2013 decision States/counties that had a history of racial discrimination no longer have to get approval from federal gov’t. before changing voting laws. Nine states (Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia) plus counties in California, Florida, New York, North Carolina (very long list of counties), South Dakota, and Michigan PHOTO ID 33 states have voter ID laws 17 require photo IDs, 16 require other IDs. 2013 Republican-controlled state legislature in Virginia passed bill SB1256 requiring voters to present photo ID when voting in person at polls; signed by then- Republican governor. ID with photo must be issued by a gov’t. agency , Virginia school, or employer. Acceptable IDs include: Virginia drivers license or DMV-issued photo ID card (may be expired up to 12 months) U.S. passport U.S. military ID Valid student ID from public or private school, college, or university located in Virginia Tribal ID Valid employee ID card Free voter photo ID card issued by Virginia Department of Elections
©2017 Local Majority [email protected] U.S. Court of Appeals upheld Virginia’s voter ID law while those of other states were not. (ex. North Carolina, Texas, Wisconsin) Differences between VA law and laws of other states: More types of IDs accepted Provisional ballot provided to voters who show up at polls w/o acceptable ID Free voter IDs issued at registrar offices Obstacles for poor and minorities: Often don’t have driver’s license , passport, college ID, or the type of job with an employee ID Must go in person to registrar’s office to obtain free voter ID; only one office per county (transportation issues); limited weekday hours (have to take time off work); application form requires SSN (not everyone has a SSN) Provisional ballot = extra hurdle; registrar must receive copy of photo ID by fax, mail, email, or in person by noon of the following Monday after election Court cases: Lee v. Virginia State Board of Elections Upheld by 4 th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals North Carolina NAACP v. McCrory Circuit court struck down ID laws; U.S. Supreme Court denied review Ex. —North Carolina allowed driver’s license but not public assistance card Texas NAACP v. Steen 2014 District court ruled that TX voter ID law discriminated against blacks and Hispanics; 2016 Circuit court upheld decision; Jan. 2017 DOJ (Sessions) dropped discrimination claim; April 2017

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture