Fact Sheet: Voter ID LawsAccording to federal law, first‐time voters who register by mail are required to present a photoID or copy of a current bill or bank statement. Some states generally advise voters to bring someform of photo ID. But until the 2006 election, no state ever required a voter to produce agovernment‐issued photo ID as a condition to voting. In 2006, Indiana became the first state toenact a strict photo ID law. The Indiana law was upheld two years later by the U.S. SupremeCourt.The number of states with laws requiring voters to show government‐issued photo IDquadrupled in 2011. At least 34 states have introduced laws that would require voters to showphoto identification in order to vote, and an additional four states introduced legislationrequesting that voters show photo identification to register or to vote.Photo ID bills were actually signed into law in eight states: Alabama, Kansas, Rhode Island,South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania and passed by referendum inMississippi. Minnesota’s legislature has passed a bill proposing a constitutional amendment tothe Minnesota Constitution that would require a government‐issued photo ID to vote in person(this will be voted on in the 2012 general election).Voter ID laws make it harder for millions of Americans to vote: According to the BrennanCenter for Justice at New York University, 11% of American citizens do not currently possess agovernment‐issued photo ID. That is over 21 million citizens. In Pennsylvania, nearly 760,000registered voters, or 9.2% of the stateʹs 8.2 million voter base, donʹt own state‐issued ID cards.In Indiana and Georgia, states with the earliest versions of photo ID laws, about 1,300provisional votes were discarded in the 2008 general election, later analysis revealed.The people trying to enact stricter voter ID laws say they are doing it because there is too muchvoter fraud.They argue that people can easily register under the names of deceased citizens,double register, or even vote without citizenship. However, Republican election officials whopromised to root out voter fraud so far are finding little evidence of a widespread problem.State officials in key presidential battleground states found only a tiny fraction of the illegalvoters they had expected.People who are opposed to the voter ID laws say that they place unnecessary roadblocks in theway of voters, discouraging people go to the polls. What’s more, they argue, voter ID lawsdisproportionately affect seniors, students, and African American, Latino, disabled, and low‐income voters – all of whom are more likely to vote Democratic.According to the League of Women Voters:18 percent of elderly citizens do not have a government‐issued photo ID.