HUM 111 THE ROMAN EMPIRE
Romanization and Urbanization: benefits of Rome extended to the provinces
Gave people they conquered the benefit of living in cities, gave them government, often offered
them Roman citizenship. They wanted to organize and tax the people they conquered.
They gave the people housing, sanitation (sewers), gave them food, set up police/fire
departments, brought water into the city w/ aqueducts… they thought that giving all this to the
people they conquered would make them have roman loyalty, and most of the time, it did
Benefits the romans gave their citizens….
Roads: Appian Way, Via Sacra, Harbor Street (Ephesus), streets in Pompeii
Many roman roads are still present, over 50,000 miles of road. Roads could be built by soldiers,
but more often the roads were built by slaves. These were very permanent roads… they would
dig down several feet and put sand and gravel, and then facing stones onto the road, many of
which are good today.
Via Sacra- the sacred road, leads to the roman forum… we see facing stones
Harbor Street – in asia minor (Ephesus) in modern turkey. The eastern roman empire was very
wealthy, we see beautiful streets, marble, lined with columns, pedestals with statues on them…
Streets in Pompeii… seaside on the bay of Naples… when things got unpleasant in rome in the
summertime, the wealthy would go to Pompeii for their summer villas… were covered by the
eruption of mt. Vesuvius in 79 AD, and now they have to excavate it all.
. the whole city was
frozen in time, revealing all the roads, buildings, etc.
Roman streets have, high curbs, sidewalks, stepping stones to cross the street… you would need
the stepping stones because much of the traffic on the street was animal traffic, and also because
there was no plumbing in the typical house, so you were supposed to use chamber pots and take
it to the proper dumping place for waste, but many people just tossed their waste out the window
onto the street… so people would cross the street on stepping stones., facing stones
Roads were very important to administer the empire, practical to move troops, supply the
garrisons, have efficient/effective communication, wonderful trade… and all these things were a
way to keep order in this huge empire
you would get hit with things being flung out of things (waste) being thrown out of
-if there was one thing romans were, it was practical – you could facilitate trade and
communication and it was all for maintaining order
Aqueducts: Pont du Gard, Nimes (France=Gaul, Roman province)
They didn’t have to build towns on water, they built their cities on nice places and then brought
water with aqueducts (aqua-water, duct-to lead)… we look at an ancient aqueduct in ancient
france in gaul.
.marvel of Roman engineering made possible by the use of concrete, face it in
brick or stone to protect it… wonderful use of the arch in major way… arch is much stronger