{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Lecture #7 - The Roman Republic

Lecture #7 - The Roman Republic - HUM 111 THE ROMAN...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HUM 111 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Chronology: Etruscans: 900-509 BC, beginning of Roman Republic Roman Republic: 509-31 BC, Battle of Actium (or 27BC “Augustus”) Roman Empire: 31BC-476AD, Odoacer became Emperor of Rome Age of Augustus: 31 BC-14AD (the “Golden Age of Rome”) Etruscans: Precursors of the Romans Individuals who were in italy before the romans, and who, when the latin speaking people we call the romans came into italy, were conquered by and intermarried with the romans Legacy to Rome Position of women, arch, toga, sense of action, divination, superstition, modesty, portraits, realism, kinds of temples Roman Republic: Last king overthrown in 509 BC, founding of Rome There are two main time periods in the thousand year history of rome: the republic, and the empire They overthrew the last latin king, and rome was founded, or it might have been the last Etruscan king. They are finished with monarchy and begin their form of democracy in the form of the republic Their constitution was not a written constitution, it was an understanding between the people of power Government had three levels: At the head were the two counsels- civil leader, and military leader (they had some checks and balances). These positions were elected annually. This wasn’t the most effective way to do things, but was a way to turn over power so no one man could get too much power. Senate: a group of older men, 300 of them, they were advisory only, they did not vote. But they were usually from the oldest, wealthiest, most powerful family, so their word did carry a lot of clout, people listened to them and deferred to them. They were elected for life and were very politically conservative, they didn’t change the old ways. They didn’t tend to be progressive. This turned out to be beneficial because the main bodies were… Assemblies. These were the younger men (all male citizens), and they always wanted to go for their own ideas, so the senate provided a good system of checks and balances for the assemblies so that rome didn’t advance too fast and get it out of control Struggle of the Orders The two groups were the patricians and plebeians, and the two groups were called the orders. The struggle of the orders was the struggle between the patricians and the plebeians for power, as the patricians had the power and the plebeians wanted it Patricians These were the people who could trace their ancestry back to the founders of rome, 5-7% of the population Plebeians
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Everybody else… early on many of the plebeians became quite wealthy, and they began to assert themselves for more rights because the patricians had all the power, and the plebeians wanted more of that power, so they asked the patricians to write down the law… Law of Twelve Tables (450 BC) This document, although written down, was not good. It said that the patricians had everything and the plebeians did not. It gave the plebeians something to start fighting against.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern