Lect.%2004%20-%20India

Lect.%2004%20-%20India - Civilization and Religion in India...

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Civilization and Religion in India
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Early Developments Mehrgarth Transitional site - agricultural village Trade Some organization
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Early Developments Harappan Civilization (ends 1800-1700 BCE) Cities along Indus river Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro 30,000 - 40,000 Origins unknown Difficulties in excavation Walls - flood protection and/or defense
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Earliest Developments Harappan Civilization Long distance trade - Mesopotamia Early world system? May have triggered rapid political and social change No centralized state or culture
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Mohenjo-Daro Largest Harappan city No temple structure Religious practice unclear Great bath Developed commercial network Unknown political system Undeciphered text Little evidence of status
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Collapse Cities abandoned over only a few centuries Why? Aryan Invasion Cities destroyed by invaders now largely discredited Environmental change Earthquakes Over Cultivation - erosion, floods
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Vedic Period (1000- 800 BCE) - Re-founding of Indian Civilization Migration of Aryan people Semi-nomadic, warlike Vedas Central Religious texts Male Gods Brahmans = priests
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Lect.%2004%20-%20India - Civilization and Religion in India...

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