Lect.%2006%20-%20Mauryan-Gupta-1

Lect.%2006%20-%20Mauryan-Gupta-1 - Mauryan and Gupta India...

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Mauryan and Gupta India
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Imperial India c.321 - 237 BCE Mauryan Empire Larger, more fluid and changing Need to erase cultural differences through imperial ideology
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Ashoka c. 299 - 237 BCE Edicts - carved on rock or on pillars Conversational style continue to be found Dhamma = ethical code Influenced by Buddhism
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Dhamma Goal to reduce social conflict Ideas broadly acceptable across religions Religious tolerance Concern for all living beings Refrain from violence
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Collapse of Mauryan Empire Failed to institute Dhamma Buddhism spread outside India Broke apart into smaller states Economic factors Not a simple reaction by Hindus
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The Classical Period (320 - c. 500 CE) Golden Age of Indian Culture One of “great” civilizations like Rome and Han China Cultural Flowering Religion Art and Architecture Science and Mathematics
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Gupta Empire Local ruler able to extend control King of Kings Balanced state and community Sub-Kings often restored rivals Indirect authority - tribute and homage
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 110 taught by Professor Bunk during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Lect.%2006%20-%20Mauryan-Gupta-1 - Mauryan and Gupta India...

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