Lect.%2007%20-%20China%20Dynasties-1

Lect.%2007%20-%20China%20Dynasties-1 - Power and Authority...

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Power and Authority in Ancient China
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RELIGION AND POWER Dynasties Hereditary kingships Founded by clans THE MOST POWERFUL CLAN
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Religion and Power Dynasties Named for symbols Dating can be difficult Zhou Dynasty given 18 different dates (ranging from1122- 1018 BCE)
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Religion and Power Dynasties Foundation Myth Traced origins of the clan to God or Hero Rule is based on blood relationships Shang Dynasty = Bird from heaven Zhou Dynasty = Footprints of God
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Religion and Power Mandate of Heaven Rule is sanctioned by God or Gods Links Church and State Loss of Mandate can mean Revolt Zhou overthrow Shang
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Since the Sung dynasty had lost the throne and Heaven had cut off their sacrifice, the Yuan [ Mongol ] dynasty had risen from the desert to enter and rule over Zhongguo [China] for more than a hundred years, when Heaven, wearied of their misgovernment and debauchery, thought also fit to turn their fate to ruin, and the affairs of Zhongguo were in a state of disorder for eighteen years. But when the nation
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