Test 3 Study Guide - Test 3 Study Guide The Cold War o Term for tensions 1945-89 between the Soviet Union and the US the two major world powers after

Test 3 Study Guide - Test 3 Study Guide The Cold War o Term...

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Test 3 Study Guide The Cold War o Term for tensions, 1945-89, between the Soviet Union and the US, the two major world powers after WWII o Ideological struggle Capitalism v. Communism The Truman Doctrine o President Truman’s program of post WWII aid to European countries- particularly Greece and Turkey-in danger of being undermined by communism o $400 million NATO o North Atlantic Treaty o 12 Nations o North Atlantic Treaty Organization o Protect each other The Marshal Plan o US program for the reconstruction of post-WWII Europe through massive aid to former enemy nations as well as allies o Proposed by General George Marshall The Fair Deal o Domestic reform proposals of the second Truman administration (1949- 53) o Included civil rights legislation and repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act o Only extensions of some New Deal programs were enacted Executive Order 9981 o Established equality of treatment and opportunity in the Armed Services The “Baby Boom” o Markedly higher birth rate in the years following WWII o Led to the biggest demographic “bubble” in American history Taft-Hartley Act o Passed over President Truman’s veto o Contained a number of provisions to control labor unions Banning of closed shops Julius & Ethel Rosenberg o Sentenced to death during the 2 nd red scare Joseph McCarthy o Started the House of Un-American Activities Committee o Busted people for being communist Korean War o Started when communist North Korea invaded South Korea South Korea had been under US control since WWII o Fighting by US troops ended by 1953
French Indochina/US entry into Vietnam o Vietnam asks for help from US to get Japan out of their country Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh o Leader of Vietnam Turned back on us for Soviets o Vietnamese League for Independence Ngo Dinh Diem o Leader of South Vietnam Viet Cong o Uprising in S. Vietnam against the Diem regime Sputnik o First satellite o Launched Oct. 4, 1957 o Soviet Union NASA o National Aeronautics and Space Administration o Created in response to the Soviets launch of Sputnik by Congress o Coordinate research and administer the space program U-2 incident (1960) o Secret spy planes o Soviets shot down U-2 plane over Soviet land o Meeting in Paris o

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