Exam 1 Study GuideHistory 2112Exam: July 1stCivil War/Reconstruction - Spanish-American WarLincoln's Ten Percent Plan- in order for Confederate states to come back in to the union, at least 10 percent of those who voted in 1860 in the state had to take an oath of loyalty to the union and constitution in order to receive a presidential pardon. They also had to swear to support all the laws dealing with emancipation. Certain groups were excluded from being able to take the oath and have their voting rights reinstated. Wade-Davis Bill- respose to Linclon's 10% plan. 1st requirement - 50% take the loyalty oath 2nd req- those who were leadersin the confederacy were disinfranchised and could no longer vote. * President Lincoln used the pocket veto on the Wade-Davis Bill. 10% plan passed and leaders disinfranchised,but later pardoned. Freedman's Bureau- in charge of basically helping newly freed slaves make a transition in to becomming free men and womenset up schools and health care, authorized to supervise trials involving blacks, the bureau had a court of its own to deal with land titles and labor disputesReconstruction Amendments- 13th (1865) - Abolished slavery. In order to reenter the union a seceeded state must ratify this amendment 14th (1866) - Brought about by the Civil Rights Act of 1866: Anyone born in the US had the full rights of a US citizen this amendment was pushed through congress to legitimize the passing and enforcement of the Civil Rights Act of 1866forbade any STATE from denying someone "life, liberty, or property without due process" or preventing them from receivingfull protection and rights under the laws of the United States15th (18XX) - Voting rights amendment. No citizen coudl be denied the right to vote based on race, religion, heritage, etc.Johnson- became president after Lincolns assassination. Put on the bill originally to bring about unity of the north andsouth. Strongly stuck to the constitution. Wanted to punish the "Planter elite" for their trechery. TN Native.Excluded more than originally specified from receiving their rights as full citizens after taking the "ironclad" loyaltyoath. Also that year, 1865, issued 13,000 pardons.Black Codes- intended to highlight the distinction between a "free man" and a "free Negro" > blacks could not serve on juries> Ex-slaves had to work for their ex-masters for a low state regulated wage under contract> black children could be removed from school and forced to work as "apprentices" and were subject to corporal punishmentfrom their white employer> recognized existing black marriages, including common-law> unemployed blacks were punished with severe finesCivil Rights Act of 1866 - Passed in response to the black codes. Johnson vetoed saying that it would create more racetensions and was outside the scope of congressional power. Congress overrode the veto with 2/3 in both House and Senate.