What is Wellness?

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Chapter 1 Taking Charge of Your Health What is Wellness? The integration of the spiritual, intellectual, physical, emotional, environmental, and social dimension of health to form a whole "healthy person" Dimensions of Wellness Physical – eating well, avoiding harmful habits, responsible sex, learning about disease, regular checkups, injury prevention. Emotional – Optimism, trust, self-esteem, self-acceptance, self-confidence, self-control, satisfying relationships, and ability to share feelings. Intellectual – Openness to new ideas, capacity to question and think critically, motivation to master new skills, sense of humor, creativity, and curiosity. Spiritual – Possess a set of guiding beliefs, principles, or values that give meaning and purpose to your life, especially during difficult times. Capacity for love, compassion, forgiveness, altruism, joy and fulfillment. Antidote to cynicism, anger, fear, anxiety, self absorption, and pessimism. Interpersonal and Social – Satisfying relationships. Learning good communication skills, developing the capacity for intimacy, and cultivating the support network of caring friends and/or family members. Environmental or Planetary – Learning and preventing risks. Top three causes of death (Chronic Diseases) 1. Heart disease 2. Cancer 3. Stroke Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death among Americans The Healthy People Initiative Seeks to prevent unnecessary disease and disability and to achieve a better quality of life for all Americans Increase quality and years of healthy life. Full ranges of functional capacity to enable people to work, play, and maintain satisfying relationships. Eliminate health disparities among Americans. People with low incomes and less education have higher rates of infant mortality, traumatic injury and violent death, and many diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, tuberculosis, and HIV infection. They are more likely to eat poorly, be overweight, smoke, drink, and use drugs. They are exposed to more stressors and have less access to health care services. Poverty and low educational attainment are far more important predictors of poor health than any ethnic factor. Choosing Wellness- Factors that Influence Health Healthy Habits Heredity/Family History Environment Access to Health Care A Wellness Profile Having a sense of responsibility for your own health and taking an active rather than a passive stance toward life Learning to manage stress in effective ways
Maintaining high self-esteem and mentally healthy ways of interacting with other people Understanding your sexuality and having satisfying intimate relationships Avoiding tobacco and other drugs; using alcohol responsibly, if at all Eating well, exercising, and maintaining healthy weight Knowing the facts about cardiovascular disease, cancer, infections, sexually transmitted diseases, and injuries and using your knowledge to protect yourself against them Understanding the health care system and using it intelligently

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