Taking Charge of Your Health
What is Wellness?
The integration of the spiritual, intellectual, physical, emotional, environmental,
and social dimension of health to form a whole "healthy person"
Dimensions of Wellness
eating well, avoiding harmful habits, responsible sex, learning about disease,
regular checkups, injury prevention.
Optimism, trust, self-esteem, self-acceptance, self-confidence, self-control,
satisfying relationships, and ability to share feelings.
Openness to new ideas, capacity to question and think critically,
motivation to master new skills, sense of humor, creativity, and curiosity.
Possess a set of guiding beliefs, principles, or values that give meaning and
purpose to your life, especially during difficult times. Capacity for love, compassion,
forgiveness, altruism, joy and fulfillment. Antidote to cynicism, anger, fear, anxiety, self
absorption, and pessimism.
Interpersonal and Social –
Satisfying relationships. Learning good communication skills,
developing the capacity for intimacy, and cultivating the support network of caring
friends and/or family members.
Environmental or Planetary –
Learning and preventing risks.
Top three causes of death (Chronic Diseases)
Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death among Americans
The Healthy People Initiative
Seeks to prevent unnecessary disease and disability and to achieve a better quality of life for all
Increase quality and years of healthy life. Full ranges of functional capacity to enable
people to work, play, and maintain satisfying relationships.
Eliminate health disparities among Americans.
People with low incomes and less education have higher rates of infant mortality, traumatic
injury and violent death, and many diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, tuberculosis, and
HIV infection. They are more likely to eat poorly, be overweight, smoke, drink, and use drugs.
They are exposed to more stressors and have less access to health care services. Poverty and
low educational attainment are far more important predictors of poor health than any ethnic
Choosing Wellness- Factors that Influence Health
Access to Health Care
A Wellness Profile
Having a sense of responsibility for your own health and taking an active rather than a
passive stance toward life
Learning to manage stress in effective ways