Developmental Psych.ppt - Development Across the Lifespan...

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Development Across the Lifespan
Human DevelopmentThe scientific study of the changes that occur in people as they age from conception until deathPersonalityCognitionBiological processesSocial interactions
Nature vs. NurtureNature – the influence of our inheritedcharacteristics on our personality, physical growth, intellectual growth and social interactionsNurture – the influence of our environmenton personality, physical growth, intellectual growth and social interactions Unique combination of both heredity and environmental influencesAll people become the product of interaction between nature and nurture
Infancy & Childhood DevelopmentPhysical DevelopmentSensory DevelopmentMotor Development
Physical DevelopmentRespiratory system begins to functionBlood circulates because umbilical chord has been cutBody fat acts as insulation and fuelReflexes – babies come into this world with the innate ability to interact with it
Sensory DevelopmentSense of touch is the most developed Sense of smell is highly developedSense of taste is also nearly developed*Sense of hearing highly developed**Least functional sense is vision
Motor DevelopmentBirth to 2 yeas of ageMilestones may vary*Factors which contribute to motor development:NutritionCareHealthImmunizations
Cognitive Development Cognitive Development includes the development of thinking, problem solving and memoryJean Piaget contributed to the understanding of how children view the world around them“little adults”Schemes– mental concept formed through experiences with objects and eventsAssimilation & Accommodation
Cognitive DevelopmentPiaget’s Theory: Four States of Cognitive Development1.

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