The 38 th parallel • UNSC authorizes MacArthur onlyt o repel aggression • MacArthur wanted to keep moving north, and Truman and JCS give their approval, despite Chinese warnings of intervention Chinese Intervention • Enter conflict after warning US • CALLED MACARTHURS TO OCNFERENCE IN WAKE ISLAND (TINY ISLAND IN PACIFIC THAT AMERICANS had taken from japs) • When Truman got there and got off the plane, MacArthur didn’t salute Truman (which offended him) and just shook his hand o Truman wans to get rid of Macarthur o Sadfhjkasdfhkjadsf im taking notes • B-29 ripped apart by something • China renames their military force People’s Volunteers (CPV) rather than PLA, so the Soviets wouldn’t be drawn into this. • Beat US and S Korean forces back across 38 th parallel • Soviet fighters plus Chinese experience and numbers challenge US firepower superiority, bring conflict to a stalemate by spring 1951 • MacArthur Sent letter to republican dude criticizing his policies, but was still seen as heor upon return to America Potential Escaltiaon and Sticking ppints in Negotiations • MacArthur loses prestige after Chinese enter war. Truman sacks him in 1951 • Negotiation talks at Panmunjom drag on for nearly 2 years bcause of the POW issues • After stalin dies in March 1953, participants finally reach an armistice Korean Wart conclusions • Us stops commie aggression but a heavy costs • Cold war fully militarized, sino-us hostility hardened • Chinese gain prestige but end war deeply dependent on soviets • Us forces remain in Korea • Dictators in Taiwan and south Korea demand assistance in economic modernization • Japanese economy reenergized
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