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Unformatted text preview: Study Guide Chapter 14, 15, and 16 Abnormal Behavior- Personally distressing, dysfunctional and/ or culturally deviant that others judge it to be inappropriate or maladaptive Background about Mental Disorders>>- Most occur on continuum of normal behaviors/ emotions (adaptive vs. maladaptive)- Require distress to individual or others- Culturally bound Diagnosis of Mental Illness>>>- Should be done by a mental health professional (Med. Student syndrome)- Reliability and validity DSM-IV-TR>>- Diagnosis and statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4 th Edison, text revision- American psychiatric association- Compiled by group of experts- Lists of diagnostic criteria for each disorder Multi-axial Diagnosis>>- Axis 1: Clinical disorder- Axis 2: Personality disorder and mental retardation- Axis 3: General Medical condition- Axis 4: Psychological and environmental problems- Axis 5: Global Assessment of Functioning (1-100) Development of Mental Disorders>>- Diatheses stress model:- Everyone has a level of vulnerability (based on genetics, biological characteristics, psychological traits, previous learning, and social support)- Also a certain amt. of situational distress may activate a mental disorder (ex: trauma, financial px, personal loss, etc.) Anxiety Disorders>> Normal Anxiety A state of tension and apprehension that is a natural response to a perceived threat Anxiety Disorder Anxiety responses that are out of proportion to the situations that trigger them; anxiety interferes with daily life Generalized Anxiety Disorders (GAD) Chronic, high level of anxiety that is not tied to any specific threat- They always expect something awful to happen but not sure what Phobic Disorders Strong, irrational fears of certain things or situations- Agoraphobia: fear of open or public places from which escape would be difficult- Social Phobia: fear of social situations in which one might be evaluated or embarrassed- Specific Phobias: spiders, color yellow etc. Responses>>> Panic Attack Sudden and unexpected feelings of overwhelming anxiety- Physical symptoms Panic Disorder Incessant fear of having another panic attack- Causes changes/ limitations in lifestyles Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Repetitive and unwelcome thoughts, images, or impulses that invade consciousness- difficult to control Compulsions Repetitive behavior responses- Function to reduce anxiety from obsessions Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Severe anxiety following a traumatic life event- Not present before the trauma- Relive trauma (flashbacks or vivid dreams)- Avoid stimuli that may remind them of event- Survivor guilt- Increased likelihood of mood disorders and substance abuse Anxiety Disorders: Etiology Biological factors: genetic vulnerability to anxiety- 40% concordance MZ twins- 4% concordance DZ twins- Neurotransmitters and emotional responses (low levels of GABA) Cognitive Factors Maladaptive thoughts and beliefs- May catastrophes events/ demands (Interpret as threatening)...
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PYSCH 105 taught by Professor Martinez during the Fall '07 term at Washington State University .
- Fall '07