final exam study guide answers and guide

final exam study guide answers and guide - T/F Tlistthem ....

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T/F Neandertals show many adaptations to a cold environment T- list them! Tim White is known for excavating in the Olduvai Gorge F- White finds fossils in the Afar valley of Ethiopia. Who is known for working in the Olduvai gorge? Turkana (Nariokotome) boy had a childhood similar to that of a living chimp T- what evidence do we have that tells us this? The Leakeys argued for an osteodontokeratic culture in early hominins F- Raymond Dart did. What is the prevailing idea about early hominin culture now? Who came up with it? In phyletic gradualism, species evolve gradually over time, with many intermediate forms. T- what is the opposing hypothesis? What type of speciation events lead to phyletic gradualism? MC Life expectancy in the United States has: a. increased since 1900, due largely to improvements in medicine and in sanitation. b. decreased since 1900, because of fast food and sedentary lifestyles. c. not been affected by nutrition. d. decreased since 1900, due to a rise in infectious disease. Which of the following is NOT an infectious disease? a. AIDS b. tuberculosis c. Ebola d. diabetes Know the difference between infectious, chronic, and re-emergent diseases. Know examples of each. Which skeletal element gives the most information about a species’ capacity for speech? a. femur b. pelvis c. mandible d. hyoid If we had an ideal fossil, what else would we be looking for to tell us about capacity for speech?
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