Midterm Study Guide

Midterm Study Guide - Hedonism(Epicurius and Lucretius The...

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Hedonism: (Epicurius and Lucretius) The Doctrine of Hedonism: The only things relevant to my well-being are pleasure and pain, pleasure being good for me, and pain being bad for me. When I’m dead, I won’t experience pain So, death is not bad for me This argument is not valid unless a premise is added to it: If something is harmless you shouldn’t be afraid of it. Therefore, you should not be afraid of death. Argument: Just because there is no pain does not mean there is no harm. See the Deprivation theory. Comparative hedonism: The only things relevant to my well being are pleasure and pain, more pleasure being better for me, more pain being worse. Non-comparative hedonism: The only things relevant to my well-being are pleasure and pain, pleasure being the only good thing, pain being the only bad thing. An Argument against hedonism: 1. If hedonism is true, then the only things relevant to one’s well-being are the experiences of pleasure and pain 2. But there is more to one’s well-being than the experiences of pleasure and pain Therefore, it is not the case that hedonism is true Deprivation Theory (why death is bad) The deprivation theory is that death deprives one of the goodness of life Hedonistic Deprivation Theory: Death is bad for us if and when it deprives us and when it deprives us of a positive net balance of pleasure over pain Nagle: Deprivation theory with benefits and harms instead of pleasure and pain Nagel’s Deprivation Argument 1. Something is bad for one when it deprives her of some benefits she would have otherwise received 2. Death does/can deprive one of some benefits she would have otherwise received. Therefore, death is/can be bad for one Objection to Nagel’s deprivation Argument: Prenatal non-existence. See symmetry argument The Symmetry Argument There is nothing bad for me about my prenatal non-existence Prenatal non-existence is relevantly like post-mortem non-existence So, there is nothing bad for me about my post-mortem non-existence
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As an objection to the deprivation theory: 1. Pre-natal non-existence deprives one of the benefits she would have otherwise received 2. But pre-natal non existence is not bad for one Therefore, there is something that deprives one of some benefits. She would have otherwise received that isn’t bad for her. The symmetry argument looks at what defines a person… physical or psychological.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PHIL 0300 taught by Professor Setiya during the Fall '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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Midterm Study Guide - Hedonism(Epicurius and Lucretius The...

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