PSY 395 Ch 7 - Chapter 7 Understanding and Defining Mood...

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Chapter 7 Understanding and Defining Mood Disorders o Mood Disorders “Depressive disorders” “Affective disorders” “Depressive Neuroses” Gross deviations in mood Depression Mania Experiences of depressions and mania, either singly or together, contribute to disorders characterized by gross durations in mood An Overview of Depression and Mania o Major depressive episode Must say you have this episode for at least 2 weeks Extreme depression Cognitive symptoms Worthlessness, guilt, indecisiveness Physical dysfunction Altered sleep patterns, changes in appetite, weight, energy levels low – these symptoms are often referred to as somatic and vegetative symptoms, symptoms are such as central to this disorder Anhedonia Loss of pleasure and interest in usual activities An Overview of Mania Manic Episode Exaggerated elation, joy, euphoria 1 week, or less Cognitive symptoms Fight ideas grandiosity and manic episodes remit without treatment after 6 months Physical dysfunction Duration: 3 – 6 months, untreated Expansiveness Going out to the world to get attention A person who goes on a roof and throws down paper to the people walking Hypomantic Episode Episode is less severe version of a manic episode that doesn’t cause marked impairment in social or occupational functions
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Structure of Mood Disorders Unipolar Disorders Depression or mania alone Typically depression Refers to the experience of either depressive or mania. Most individuals with this condition suffer from unipolar Bipolar Disorders Refers to swings between depression and mania Dysphoric mania episode Mixed manic episode Dysphoric mania episode – feeling depression and mania at some times refers to as dysphoric mania or mixed episode. Dysphoric mania refers to episodes that are companied by depression or anxiety Depressive Disorders Major depressive disorder, single episode Defined in part, by the absence of manic or hypomanic episodes or during the episode No mania/ hypomania Sing episode Rare 85% of single episodes as sec. care
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