PSY 395 Chapter 1 - PSY 395 Ch 1 Psychopathology...

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PSY 395 Ch 1 Psychopathology Psychological dysfunction Breakdown in cognitive, behavioral, emotional functioning Personal distress Difficulty performing appropriate roles Atypical or culturally response Mental health workers view psychological disorders as persistently harmful thoughts, feelings, and actions Clinical Description Presenting problem Clinical depression Dysfunction vs. common experience: therapists try to distinguish clinically significant dysfunction from human experience The unique combination of behavior thoughts make up disorder Prevalence How many people in a certain population have the disorder Incidence The number of new cases over a period of time Describes course of the disorder Episodic (panic disorder) Time – Limited (delirium) Chronic (mental retardation) Onset Describes the onset of the disorder Acute vs. insidious Acute (begins suddenly) vs. insidious (develops gradually over an
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