Birth of Europe

Birth of Europe - Karyn Trong Fall of Rome, Birth of Europe...

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Karyn Trong Fall of Rome, Birth of Europe April 16, 2007 Dearest Carolingian Kings, I would be most happily obliged to discuss how your kingdom is the birth of a continent that will survive you by over a thousand years. This continent shall be called Europe. The birth of Europe started with the crumbling of the Carolingian empire. This was caused by the invasions of the vikings, Saracens, and Magyars. Which helped lead to the disloyalty of the men. The last straw was the combination of both the invasions and the new disloyalty which led to localism. The Carolingian Empire was the birth of Europe because without it, the Germanic tradition of loyalty wouldn't have been so vital. It is the weak leadership and the change of loyalty from the king to the local counts that would be one of the beginnings of Europe. The main surge of invasions by the Saracens, Magyars, and vikings began after Charlemagne's death in 814. There was a sign of hope at the Battle of Lechfield in 955 when the Magyars were defeated by a Germanic king. This gave prestige to Germanic kingship, but this was also before the invasions of the Saracens. 1 The invasions began because of a few different reasons. They started invading the European area because of overpopulation. Another reason that Carolingian leaders should be able to relate to was the need to acquire gifts for their loyal men. Also, the vikings had a natural love of conquest and great warrior abilities, like their German relatives. In the text, Beowulf , we see characters that share the same Germanic qualities as the vikings. Specifically Beowulf , who exiled himself to go and defeat Grendel. There wasn't very strong leadership from the Carolingian kings at this point. This was after Louis the Pious had split the empire between his four sons and they had ensued in a civil war over who should have what lands. The vikings had strong sea skills and were able 1 Marylou Ruud, "Saracen, Magyar, and Viking Invasions" (University of West Florida: HIS 3121, Fall of Rome, Birth of Europe) 04/03/2007
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to move in and out of the area very quickly. It was the monasteries and churches that were hit the worst by the invasions, because they had the most treasure. The invasions were successful because they dominated such a large area. 2 They didn't focus on just one area or another. Although the vikings, Magyars, and Saracens weren't necessarily working together to take over the empire, it worked to their advantage that they were invading simultaneously. There wasn't much that the villages could do to
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST EUH3121 taught by Professor Ruud during the Spring '07 term at W. Florida.

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Birth of Europe - Karyn Trong Fall of Rome, Birth of Europe...

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