Juliann's Midterm.docx - 1 Pham Juliann Pham Professor...

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1 Pham Juliann Pham Professor Jennifer Toms ENG 1700 Modern/Contemporary Literature October 15, 2020 Midterm Exam Question One: Form and Content in Modern Poetry: Williams' "Like Attracts Like" What is form in literature? How does form differ from content?
What is concrete poetry? In what respects is concrete poetry a particularly modern form in comparison to more traditional works, like Robert Frost's "Nothing Gold Can Stay", for instance?
2 Pham the words at the end of two lines rhyme at a time. For example, he used “gold” and “hold”, to end the first two lines, and he used “day” and “stay” in the last two lines to end his work. This is consistent throughout his eight-line poem. His traditional poem is written in a “clean” structure and has a simple appearance. The lines are aligned and uniformed. When reading Robert Frost’s “Nothing Gold Can Stay”, the words flow into a rhythm. There are about 5-7 syllables per line. The rhyming and consistency in the number of syllables make the rhythm of the poem more effortlessly. The theme (time effortlessly moving) and structure of traditional works are simple and easier to follow than concrete poetry. Whereas, concrete poetry is barely recognizable because of its form is so unfamiliar. Thus, making it a little more complex than traditional poetry. There are no rules to follow when creating a concrete poetry. The structure can be written however you like. It also doesn’t necessarily have to rhyme. Thus, concrete poetry challenges readers to connect the physical shape of the poem with the content and theme of the poem together. For example, Cummings’ “one”, notice that majority of the words are broken down into letters onto separate lines. This forces the readers to think a little harder to construe the meaning. In addition, the lowercase letters force a soft, yet eloquent effect. Concrete poetry is written in a complex structure to engage readers and force them to take a step back and explore the possible meanings of the work.

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