Sociology Exam 3 - Sociology ExamRace Poverty Health...

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Sociology Exam—Race, Poverty, Health & Society, and Family Chapter 9: Race Race can be defined as a group of people who share a set of characteristics—typically, but not always, physical ones—and are said to share a common bloodline. It is a social distinction, and has fluid and changeable boundaries. -- Race is constructed in the interests of groups that wish to maintain power and social exclusion. Harper’s Weekly Magazine (1851 issue) - “[They are] distinctly marked—the small and somewhat upturned nose, the black tint of the skin….[They] are ignorant….Of course they will violate our laws….will commit great crimes of violence, even capital offenses….” - Written about Irish immigrants, who in late-19 th century Boston struggled to assimilate in U.S. amid fierce racism - Believed Irish were a distinct category, carried innate differences in blood making them permanently inferior to white When the term race comes up in America today, we usually think in two colors: black and white. - Americans categorized themselves into anywhere from 36 to 75 different races that they organized into hierarchies In 1790, Congress passed the first naturalization law, conferring citizenship to “free white persons.”
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