SOC Module 17 - Module 17 Social Structure in Global Perspective Durkheims Theory In his Division of Labor Durkheim argued that social structure depends

SOC Module 17 - Module 17 Social Structure in Global...

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Module 17: Social Structure in Global Perspective Durkheim’s Theory: - In his Division of Labor , Durkheim argued that social structure depends on the division of labor in a society (manner in which tasks are performed) - Mechanical solidarity : implying that all individuals perform the same task (eat, sleep, …) - As societies become more advance technologically, they rely on greater division of labor. - In general, social interactions become less personal than in societies characterized by mechanical solidarity. - Once society has become more complex and division of labor is greater, no individual can go it alone. - Mechanical solidarity is replaced by organic solidarity : a collective consciousness resting on the need a society’s members have for one another. Tonnies’s Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft - Gemeinschaft: close-knit community - Gesellschaft: impersonal mass society - Gemeinschaft : small community in which people have similar backgrounds and life experiences. (typical of rural life) (social change is limited) -

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