Classics 2123: The Roman Way Spring 2008 Lecture 5. Roman Imperialism and Expansion Readings : BHR 44-67; Shelton 291-293 I. Roman Imperialism-definition of ‘imperialism’-older notion of ‘defensive imperialism’: how realistic?-was Rome more warlike/aggressive than other states in the Mediterranean?-the structure of the Roman army (Shelton 291)-a Roman military career (Shelton 292)-gloria won by military commanders; value of a triumph (Shelton 293) II. Roman Expansion-by the mid-3rd c. BCE the Romans controlled most of the Italian peninsula in a variety of relationships o various relationships to Rome: (a) Rome had appropriated some land from conquered peoples and settled her own citizens on it; this was considered Roman territory (b) Rome had extended to some peoples citizenship without the right to vote (this a major innovation); (c) Rome had formed alliances with the states of southern Italy Overseas (i.e., outside of Italy) expansion begins in 264 BCE First Punic War (264-241 BCE)
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Hannibal, Roman Way Lecture, I. Roman Imperialism