Transportation

Modes of transportation truck rail air water pipeline

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Unformatted text preview: s of Transportation Total freight movement in the US is approximately 19.5 billion tons valued at nearly $13 trillion Mode Percent of Total Annual Revenue ($Billion) Truck 80.0 635 Rail 6.7 53 Air 4.7 37 Water 4.6 37 Pipeline 1.2 10 Motor Carriers Widely used mode of transportation in the domestic supply chain 573,469 private, for hire, and other U.S. Interstate motor carriers Economic structure of the motor carrier industry contributes to the vast number of carriers in the industry Low fixed cost, high variable Comprised of for-hire and private fleet operations Truckload carriers. Less-than-truckload (ltl) Small package carriers Motor Carriers Railroads 7 Class I railroads revenues in excess of $290 million Activity levels have been achieved despite a lack of direct accessibility to all parts of the supply chain Railroads are ―natural monopolies‖ Two carrier types: Linehaul Shortline carriers High fixed, low variable Water Major facilitator of international trade 81% international freight movement 19% coastal, inland, and Great Lakes traffic High variable and low fixed cost Two primary carrier types Liner Charter Options include Container ships Bulk carriers Tankers General cargo ships Roll-on, roll-off (RO–RO) vessels Air Carriers 491 air cargo carriers Combination carriers Air cargo carriers Integrated carriers Nonintegrated carriers Domestic market is dominated by 14 major carriers High variable and low fixed cost Pipelines Unique mode of transportat...
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