Classics 2123: The Roman Way Spring 2008 Lecture 11. Augustus’ ‘Restored’ Republic Readings: BHR 167-199; Shelton 38-40, 77-78, 267, 271, 274-276, 294-305. I. From Octavian to ‘Augustus’-31 BCE victory over Antony and Cleopatra at Actium; after his victory goes through East and to Egypt; in Egypt secures the treasures of the Ptolemies: now master of most of the Roman forces throughout the Mediterranean; innumerable honors voted to him-13 Jan. 27 BCE goes before the Senate to renounce all his powers, claim the ‘restoration of the republic’ (Shelton 267) o Senate refuses, says he cannot leave his country without his assistance; compromise offered: (i) given a huge province consisting of Spain, Gaul, Syria, Egypt; (ii) given the name ‘Augustus’ (he had wanted ‘Romulus’). He then departs for his provinces; continued to hold the consulship-23 BCE a new settlement o Octavian gives up the perpetual consulships; given two things in return: tribunician power and proconsular
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