O19. Empire at its Height

O19. Empire at its Height - Classics 2123: The Roman Way...

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Classics 2123: The Roman Way Spring 2008 Lecture 19: The Empire at its Height Readings: BHR 224-240; Shelton 52-53, 275-276, 294-316 I. Civil War and the Year of the Four Emperors (68–69 CE ) o at the fall of Nero (68), no relation of Augustus remaining; end of Nero’s reign marked by revolts among the army commanders in the province o over the next year, four men become emperor within a short space of time: Galba, Otho, Vitellius and Vespasian; Galba and Otho proclaimed Emperor by Praetorian Guard, Vitellius by his legions in Germany); Galba commits suicide, Otho murdered; only Vitellius remains o T. Flavius Vespasianus (Vespasian) commander of Roman forces in Judaea; he is acclaimed Emperor by his legions in the East: this means civil war; final victory comes with his defeat of Vitellius’ forces in late 69 III. The Flavian Dynasty: Vespasian (69-79 CE ); Titus (79-81 CE ); Domitian (81-96 CE ) o Vespasian has two sons, Titus and Domitian, and they succeed him, Titus for only a brief
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O19. Empire at its Height - Classics 2123: The Roman Way...

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