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English Colonization - English Colonization: -peasants and...

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English Colonization:-peasants and farm laborers made up ¾ of the population of England—many lived in open-field settlements-profit minded landowners get Parliament to pass the Enclosure Acts (allowed owners to enclose their open fields to put sheep on them to graze)-mercantilism: state-supported manufacturing and trade enabled England to accumulate wealth-joint-stock companies: successful merchants banded together to raise substantial money to support commercial enterprises-religious intolerance drove Puritans (Presbyterians)-1497: John Cabot explores the coast of Newfoundland and Nova Scotia but England lacked the financial muscle to colonize-1577: Sir Francis Drake stopped in California as he pirated Spanish vessels-1580s: Sir Humphrey Gilbert set up a colony in Newfoundland that fails due to lack of support-1590s: Sir Walter Raleigh’s colonies in the Carolinas fail due to lack of funding and support (“lost colony” of Roanoke, VA is one of Raleigh’s failures)The Chesapeake Region:

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Term
Fall
Professor
JohnJ.Sheehan
Tags
John Cabot, Sir Francis Drake, Sir Walter Raleigh, Civil War, Walter Raleigh, second starving time

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