English Colonization - English Colonization-peasants and farm laborers made up of the population of Englandmany lived in open-field settlements-profit

English Colonization - English Colonization-peasants and...

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English Colonization: -peasants and farm laborers made up ¾ of the population of England—many lived in open-field settlements -profit minded landowners get Parliament to pass the Enclosure Acts (allowed owners to enclose their open fields to put sheep on them to graze) -mercantilism: state-supported manufacturing and trade enabled England to accumulate wealth -joint-stock companies: successful merchants banded together to raise substantial money to support commercial enterprises -religious intolerance drove Puritans (Presbyterians) -1497: John Cabot explores the coast of Newfoundland and Nova Scotia but England lacked the financial muscle to colonize -1577: Sir Francis Drake stopped in California as he pirated Spanish vessels -1580s: Sir Humphrey Gilbert set up a colony in Newfoundland that fails due to lack of support -1590s: Sir Walter Raleigh’s colonies in the Carolinas fail due to lack of funding and support (“lost colony” of Roanoke, VA is one of Raleigh’s failures) The Chesapeake Region:

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