828.doc - WORDS OF LATIN AND GREEK ORIGIN IN THE SCIENTIFIC...

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WORDS OF LATIN AND GREEK ORIGIN IN THE SCIENTIFIC PROSE STYLE (THE FIELD OF HISTORY) Diplomová práca LUCIA STRUHÁROVÁ ŽILINSKÁ UNIVERZITA V ŽILINE FAKULTA PRÍRODNÝCH VIED Vedúci diplomovej práce : Mgr.Zdenka Kráľová, PhD. Konzultant : PaedDr. Marta Kadorová Komisia pre obhajoby : Katedra anglického jazyka a literatúry Stupeň odbornej kvalifikácie: magister Dátum odovzdania práce: 2006-04-15 ŽILINA 2006
CONTENTS Introduction ……………………………………………………………………..4 1. AN OUTLINE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE ………………………………………………………………..6 1.1 Pre-history period………………………………………………………..6 1.2 Old English Period……………………………………………………….7 1.3 Middle English Period…………………………………………………...9 1.4 Modern English Period…………………………………………………11 2. THE INFLUENCE OF CLASSICAL LANGUAGES ON THE ENGLISH VOCABULARY …………………………………………… .... 15 2.1 New words of classical origin in English ...……………………………15 2.1.2 Affixes …………………………………………………………...15 2.1.3 Compounds ……………………………………………………..16 2.2 Greek and the Greek alphabet…………………………………………..17 2.2.1 Greek affixes …………………………………………………...17 2.2.2 Greek numerals …………………………………………………19 2.3 Latin and the Latin alphabet …………………………………………...21 2.3.1 Latin affixes ……………………………………………………21 2.3.2 Latin numerals …………………………………………………23 2.3.3 Latin abbrevations ……………………………………………...24 2.4 Mythology and religion ………………………………………………..26 3. THE ENGLISH VOCABULARY ………………………………………..29 3.1 Basic lexicological units of speech …………………………………….30 4. STYLE OF LANGUAGE ……..…………………………………………..32 4.1 Functional styles ……………………………………………………….32 4.1.1 Scientific prose style ……………………………………………34 4.2 Science …………………………………………………………………37 4.2.1 Medicine ………………………………………………………...37 4.2.2 Botany ………………………………………………………….38 4.2.3 Zoology …………………………………………………………39 4.2.4 Astronomy ………………………………………………………39 4.2.5 Pharmaceutics and Chemistry ………………………………….40
5. INTERFERENCE OF GREEK AND LATIN IN THE FIELD OF HISTORY ………………………………………………….………………41 5.1 The investigation ……………………………………………………….41 5.1.2 Words from the period of Antiquity …………………………….45 5.1.2.1 Semantic aspect …………………………………………..45 5.1.2.2 Morphological aspect …………………………………….48 5.1.2.3 Shift of meaning ………………………………………….50 5.1.2.4 Lexicological aspect ……………………………………...52 5.1.2.5 Etymological aspect ……………………………………...54 5.2 Interpretation of particular results ……………………………………...55 Conclusion ….………………..………………………………………………..57 Résumé ………….…………………………..………………………………….59 Bibliography …………………………………………………………………...61 Appendix ...…………………………………………………………………….63
Introduction A language presents the highest form of communication and its value is obvious. The history and wealth of different nations has remained in great works from such fields as literature, history, art, music, science and many other spheres of human life. English speaking countries had and still possess the great power in the world and therefore English has spread to all the continents, especially in the last several hundred years.

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