Soc100 Notes (Exam 1-Exam2).pdf - Week 6 Crime Deviance...

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Week 6: Crime & Deviance Deviance The recognized violation of cultural or social norms Typically recognized as “bad” Deviance is at the most basic level, acts that “differ” (deviate) from accepted behavior Crime and Deviance Deviance and crime overlap, but are not identical Deviant, but not criminal Criminal, but common (alternately) All crime is deviant, but not all deviance is crime Example of something deviant, but not criminal: punk rock, jaywalking Example of something criminal, but common: speeding If something is criminal, is it deviant? YES How do we explain deviance? The Biological View It is in our genes Physical features “Degeneration” Heredity Is disentangling heredity & socialization possible? Questionable methods Measuring Skull size, ear shape, etc. Psychological View It is in our heads Amoral Personality Psych. deficiencies → Crime something about us psychologically that makes us commit these deviant acts 1000s of types of crime/deviance, all of them share a specific set of psychological characteristics? (sociologists’ response) Both of these approaches (Biological and psychological approaches) assume that crime and deviance occur because there is something wrong with the individual . 1. Overly deterministic Free will? 2. Social construction of crime/deviance Context? personal and societal characteristics matter Three Foundations of Social Explanations Deviance varies according to social norms Different laws for different places People become deviant as others define them that way For a crime to become a crime, others have to define it as one. Both norms and the way people define situations involve social power Norms/Punishments often unequally applied
Laws are often created/used by powerful to protect interests The Functionality of Crime “Imagine a society of saints…” Deviance is inevitable Affirms cultural values and norms Clarifies moral boundaries Brings people together Strain Theory (Merton) Assumes that people want to achieve the same goals What happens when people are socialized to desire cultural desire cultural goals , but are denied the institutional means to reach them? Access to means of success Yes No Cultural Goals (ex: wealth) Yes Conformity - college and job Innovation -entrepreneur Dealing drugs No Ritualism - just going throug h the motions without caring Going to college and not caring Retreatism -give up hobos Rebellion Examples: Conformity: ________________________ Innovation: ________________________ Ritualism: _________________________ Retreatism: _________________________ Rebellion: _________________________ Criticisms Explains some deviance (theft), but not others (crimes of passion) Not everyone seeks wealth (or has the same interests/desires) Presumes everyone defines right/wrong in the same way Symbolic Interactionists Labeling Theory-- The labels people are given affect people’s perceptions of themselves and how others percieve them. (Drawing off Goffman's’ theory of the self) Being labeled deviant can lead to conformity (______________ with society) or deviance (accept ______________)
Primary Deviance - The initial act or transgression.

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